The Meaning Making Matrix

The scales are evaluated according to The Meaning Making Matrix, a heuristic tool developed to facilitate thinking and research in existential meaning orientations; The Matrix consists of the three Domains: Secular, Spiritual and Religious Existential Orientations on the vertical axis and well-known Dimensions of Meaning Making: Knowing, Doing and Being, reflecting cognition, practice and perceived importance of meaning orientations on the horizontal axis.
Further information on The Meaning Making Matrix can be found in,
La Cour, P. & Hvidt, N. C. 2010. Research on meaning-making and health in secular society: secular, spiritual and religious existential orientations. Social Science & Medicine, 71, 1292-9.

Religious Problem-solving Scale

Developed by Pargament et al and published in 1988. Differentiates between three coping stategies: the deferring method, the collaborative method and the sef-directive method. [TABLE=26] The scale kan be downloaded here

Self Actualization Index

The scale consists of 15 items related to self actualization. It’s based on ”The Personal Orientation Inventory”, one of the most acknowledged methods for measuring self actualization. For more information click here [TABLE=25] The scale can be downloaded here

Rejection of Christianity Scale

(Greer & Francis, 1992) The scale was developed to measure negative attitudes towards Christianity, even though the word ‘religion’ is used in the scale. The scale was standardized in an irish Catholic/Protestant population. [TABLE=24] The scale can be downloaded here

Purpose in Life Test

Developed by Crumbaugh in 1964 to test Victor Frankl’s concepts from logotherapy. The test consists of 20 items wich focus on the need for purpose and meaning in life. It has been used on patients with acute leukaemia in a late state of disease. [TABLE=23] The scale can be downloaded here

Spiritual Maturity Index

Developed to measure religious maturity in people with different religious and spiritual beliefs. Compared to intrinsic/extrinsic scala and quest scale this index gives the strongest indicator for the degree of adaption in the spirituality. Click here for more information. [TABLE=22] The scale can be downloaded here

Quest Scale

Developed by Batson and published in 1991. A self administered questionare with 12 items wich, in addition to an intrinsic and extrinsic dimension, adds a “quest” dimension with questions about meaning of life, meaning of death and others. [TABLE=21] The scale can be downloaded here

Religious Maturity Scale

Dudley & Cruise developed this scale in 1990 to support the work after Allports intrinsic-extrinsic scales and the (less fortunate) extension with the Quest dimension from Bateson and Shoenrade. In this scale the Quest dimension is extended with more kognitive questions wich evolve around doubt as an instrument to get on with ones’ religious life. […]

Belief in Afterlife Scale

This scale examines different beliefs in life after death and in meaning of life as such. It was developed in 1973 by James Casebolt. It uses norms from american colleges. [TABLE=19] Click here to download the scale

The Death Transcendence Scale

The scale focuses on how people transcend death and it can be used by healthcare professionals guiding patients during their last days. The scale has been tested in and outside of the hospital. [TABLE=18] Click here to download the scale

Christian Orthodoxy Scale

A questionnaire survey with 24 items developed by Fullerton & Hunsberger in 1982 and revised in 1989. The scale is praised as the perhaps most efficient way to “measure” Christianity. The scale doesn’t claim to measure anything else than Christianity and Christian orthodoxy. It centres on the Christian dogmatics (Jesus walked upon the water, the […]